Epstein’s Six Types of Involvement

Joyce Epstein of Johns Hopkins University has developed a framework for defining six different types of parent involvement. This framework helps parents, teachers and school administrators look at all they ways parents can be more involved in their child’s education.

  1. Parenting: Understand child and adolescent development
  2. Communicating: Effective school-to-home and home-to-school communications
  3. Volunteering: Volunteers as audiences, at the school, and in other locations to support students and school programs.
  4. Learning at Home: Effective homework strategies
  5. Decision Making: Participate in school decisions and advocate for students by participating in the PTA/PTO, community councils, parent advisory committees, and action teams
  6. Collaborating With the Community: Coordinate community resources and services for students and families